The work has been created with mosaic as the medium by artists from Spier Architectural Arts. It is based on Michaelangelo’s image of a dying slave – a male figure in the ecstatic throes of dying. Cianfanelli had a vision to create the image from mosaic because of the medium’s ability to create large-scale work, and in order to explore the pixilation effect of mosaic.
The design for the mosaic was done digitally by Cianfanelli, using a photographic source. The image was ‘digitised’ into lines of ‘pixels’, which was then interpreted by the mosaic studio. Mosaic panels were placed on both sides of the columns, with one side of the column featuring a ‘positive’ image and the other a ‘negative’ (inversion) of the same image.
“Initially, I was concerned that the roughness of stone mosaic used would not be conducive to achieving a slick digital effect, even from a distance,” said Cianfanelli. “After seeing the first sample created by the studio, I realised that my concerns were unwarranted and, in fact, the richness of texture and the intense colour of glass added an incredible dimension that made perfect sense with the concept.
“It has been a privilege and a treat to have my design translated into the traditional craft of detailed stone and glass mosaic on a massive scale. Having made many large mosaics during my career, I really appreciate the work and challenges involved, as well as the potential for incorporating mosaic into contemporary art and design.”
The artwork is located at the junction of two prominent pedestrian axes on the Spier farm, between the Spier Hotel and the Conference Centre. The sculpture is visible if approached from either direction, and, with mosaic on both sides of the columns, each approach offers a unique experience. When seen from a distance all the columns line up and the image of the artwork is formed. The viewer can also circulate through the installation and be ‘submerged’ within the sculpture.
‘The Dying Slave’ supports an ongoing initiative to encourage widespread architectural-scale artworks and meaningful entrepreneurship in the arts. It is the first outdoor, three-dimensional piece produced in the Spier Architectural Arts studio, which works in conjunction with the Spier Arts Academy to offer employment-based training in contemporary mosaic.
- This is what it took to build a 42.6 square metre mosaic artwork:
- It is constructed with 1,500kg of material and consists of almost 225 000 pieces of tesserae (pieces of stone)
- Ten mosaic artists worked for five months (almost 7,000 hours) to complete the artwork
- Materials used include limestone, marble, granite, pebbles, industrial glass and porcelain, glass smalti tiles from Venice, Italy and handcrafted ceramic elements
The artist: Marco Cianfanelli
Cianfanelli was born in Johannesburg in 1970 and graduated with a distinction in Fine Art from the University of the Witwatersrand in 1992. He has had five solo exhibitions and has won numerous awards, including the 2002 ABSA L’Atelier, which culminated in a residency at the Cité des Arts in Paris, and an Ampersand Fellowship in New York. Committed to testing the possibilities for artistic intervention in the public realm and engaging with other professionals from diverse fields, he has been involved in a wide range of projects involving art, architecture and public space.
The studio: Spier Architectural Arts
Spier Architectural Arts oversees the Spier Arts Academy, offering employment-based training in contemporary mosaic. The Academy is based in Cape Town and specialises in collaborative and experimental work with world-renowned artists and architects. The three-year, full-time apprenticeship focuses on mosaic art taught by the best international tutors and includes tuition in drawing, art history and theory, and business skills. The objective is to equip trainees with the necessary skills to enable them to jumpstart their creative careers and run their own successful mosaic enterprises.